INTRODUCTION TO PALEOLITHIC AGE AND ITS TOOLS
Regards to my elders
Greetings ladies and gentlemen
In this post I will give you a general introduction to paleolithic age and the too and techniques prehistoric man used to survive in the hostile environment present at that time.INTRODUCTION TO PALEOLITHIC AGE AND ITS TOOLS
What is paleolithic age ?
The paleolithic period or the old stone age is the largest phase in prehistory. Prehistory is termed as the phase of human history when earth was taking shape and man was evolving biologically through various extinct species from the primates to the present form. Paleolithic ages began 2 Million years ago and ended 10,000 years before present. To find the year in BC about when Paleolithic age ended, we subtract 10,000 from the present year and add the suffix BC. This means the Paleolithic age ended in,roughly, 8000 BC.
Paleolithic age is furthered divided into, early paleolithic, middle paleolithic and late paleolithic period. These are obviously divided on the basis of the tools. Tools were the basic things which allowed the prehistoric man to exploit its environment for his survival. Though the earliest tools can be dated back to 2 million years ago but most of the earliest paleolithic tools belong to 6,00,000 to 150,000 years ago, and the middle and the late paleolithic tools can be dated back to 150,000 to 40,000 and 10,000 years before present respectively.
For early man it was ‘ Game of Stones ‘
The early man didn’t have friends to tag, he thought in mind how to make a tool and which raw material he must use and how he can use his hands to give the raw material a given shape.
Techniques to make tools
- Percussion or direct Percussion
- Indirect Percussion
- Pressure technique
In direct percussion technique the early man used to to hit stone/pebble perpendicularly on the edge of another stone to produce a massive flake with edgy patterns. As time went on he learned to control his strokes and produced flakes with much more sharpness and cutting edge. I guess, the early man didn’t know to ‘give up’. It was coined later I guess.
Indirect percussion is the same as direct percussion but here the prehistoric man used hard wood or bone to produce flakes from the core.
In pressure application force was not applied directly or indirectly but pressure was applied on a particular area to make flakes chip out of the core. The flakes thus produced could be retouched later. This way tools became job specific.
There were two types of tool culture in India in the early paleolithic age. Soan or Sohan culture and the Acheulian culture. The soan culture was represented by pebble based tools and formed the main tools of the north and north -western tools of India. Whereas the Acheulian had hand axes or cleavers particularly famous in the southern part of the country. Earlier these two were thought to be completely different but later on due to finding of hand axes in northern part of India as well, it was argued that these were both the same culture but due to differences in raw material different tools were made in different parts of the country.
In middle paleolithic period man became a little advanced and more expert, he began to make more medium sized flakes rather than big ones. These tools were thinner, smaller, job specific than early paleolithic period. The tools now were scrapers, boxers and points.
In the late paleolithic period, tools were further reduced with weight and size. The Phase is dominated by tool types such as burins and flakes.
Sorry for the complete change in topics of my site. You can say, I am having some content finding issues. Not like they are few in number but since I have subjects like political science and history so I thought why not share what I read?
PS: I forgot what did they do with the tools? Lets share about this in the next post.
Ok bye… I hope I continue in future.