Teachings of Lord Buddha
Regards to my elders
Greetings ladies and gentlemen
In the previous post I talked about the early Life of Lord Buddha and in this post I will tell you about his teachings which ultimately inspired a religion. Teachings of Lord Buddha
Before the renunciation of Siddhartha, four great incidents, which the Buddhist text as the ‘Four Great Signs’ occurred in the Life of Siddhartha which changed the course of his life and his believing.
Firstly,he saw an old man who had wrinkles all over his body. Siddhartha realized youth which is merely transitory is nothings to be proud of. Secondly, he saw an old man who was very weak and was barely walking. He realized health has no permanent importance. Thirdly, he saw a funeral procession with the relatives of the deceased weeping. Siddhartha contemplated, what was the meaning of this life which not only brought sorrows to oneself but to others as well. And Fourth, he saw an aesthetic man who had renounced the world for attaining salvation.
After witnessing these four great incidents Siddhartha developed much hatred for the worldly pleasures as these brought nothing but sorrow. Hence he decided to renounce the world. After achieving Salvation at Bodh Gaya we do not have anything but to learn from the life of Lord Buddha and his teachings.
Lord Buddha was for surely against sorrows after witnessing the four great signs. He preached his followers four truths about sorrow.
- Lord Buddha said that the whole world is filled with sorrow. Birth is sorrow, death is sorrow. Meeting with unpleasant is sorrow and separation from the pleasant brings sorrow.
- He said that the reason for sorrow is our ‘Trishna’ or Desire of the worldly and material things. In fact he said that sorrow is the reason why one’s soul goes through the rigorous process of Birth and rebirth.
- He propounded that one can avert his sorrow by keeping a control over his desires or ‘Trishna’. He said that blowing away of the desires can help one attain ‘Nirvana'(cessation of suffering) and end the cycle of birth and rebirth
- Lord Buddha preached the ‘Eight Fold Path’ as a remedy of sorrow. He said that self mortification, repetition of prayers, sacrifices, chanting of hymns cannot help one achieve ‘Moksha’ or end from the cycle of birth and rebirth. The Eight fold path is as follows: Right Views, Right Aspiration, Right Speech, Right Action, Right Living, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Meditation.
Attaining of Nirvana
Literally, Nirvana means the blowing away or the extinction of Desires or ‘ Trishna’ . Blowing away of one’s desires means that there is an end to one’s suffering as well, as desire is the root cause of it. If we think about it, attaining Nirvana means that a man has now fulfilled all desires in his life or is already free from all cravings. According to Buddha’s religion Buddhism, Attaining Nirvana is the fundamental principle of Life. In Buddhist religion, attaining Nirvana means that one has achieved true Knowledge or Salvation and is now close to achieve ‘Moksha’ or the end of one’s cycle of births and deaths.
Theory of Karma
The theory of Karma and how it affects the transmigration of soul are also important doctrines or teachings of Lord Buddha. According to Lord Buddha the condition of a man in the present life and in the next comes to rest on his karma or action. Good Actions means the conditions in which he will be born in the next life will be good. No prayers, sacrifices can wash out one’s sins except good Karma. According to Lord Buddha man reaps what he sows and he is the maker of his own destiny. Man takes birth again and again due to his bad deeds which are a result ,directly and indirectly of his desire. This is because Desire of the earthly makes him to do bad deeds whether an individual realizes it or not. Doing good Karma and detachment from the earthly feelings is what can help one end the cycle of birth and death or attain ‘ Moksha’.
Also Read: Early Life of Lord Buddha
The simplicity in the thought of Lord Buddha is what helped Buddhism flourish in the sixth and fifth century BC and even inspires a whole new generation today.
OK bYE…I hope I continue in future.